Construction and standardisation of smartphone dependence scale
Author(s): Dr. Yogita Sarwal and Dr. Hardeep Kaur Saini
Abstract: There has hardly been anyone who may survive without a smartphone these days. This device has penetrated into the lives of human beings in such a manner that it has over powered the day to day activities. This research aimed to develop Smartphone Dependence Scale (SDS-YH). It was used to survey in 2020 with high reliability and validity. The purpose of this study was to explore the dependence of individuals on smartphone and identify the Mean, SD, Correlation, Validity and reliability of the Smartphone Dependence Scale (SDS-YH). The sample consisted of 600 individuals from all over India. The year 2020 was a year of catastrophe with the sudden onset of COVID-19.The investigators observed a sudden augmentation of usage of gadgets and ICT devices due to switching over to online mode as the whole world was pushed into the confinements of their homes. The scale was the need of the hour. 55 items were finalized after pilot testing. The statistical techniques were applied through SPSS. The findings of the research indicated N=600, Mean =149.34, SD= 29.08, Correlation = 0.88 and Reliability= 0.91.